What is an Adjective?

By Fizza Farrukh
In Grammar
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What is an Adjective?

adjective

Definition of an Adjective

An adjective can be defined as,

The words which are used to tell or explain about a person, an animal, a place or a thing are called as adjectives.

Examples of Adjectives

Jane is a good cook

The word ‘good’ tells us that how well ‘Jane’  can ‘cook’, thus it explains the noun here and hence is classified as an adjective.

The lazy boy did not finish his homework

The word ‘lazy’ describes a quality or attribute present in the ‘boy’; hence it is classified as an adjective.

List of Adjectives by Type and Order

  1. Adjectives of Quality
  2. Adjectives of Quantity
  3. Adjectives of Number
  4. Demonstrative Adjectives
  5. Interrogative Adjectives
  6. Emphasizing Adjectives
  7. Exclamatory Adjectives

Types of Adjectives

Adjectives of Quality

Those adjectives which indicate the quality of a noun are called as the adjectives of quality.

For instance,

New York is a large city

Here the word ‘large’ indicates a quality of the ‘New York’ city (noun), hence it shall be called as an adjective of quality.

She is a kind lady

Here the word ‘kind’ indicates a quality of the ‘lady’ (noun), hence it falls under the type of an Adjective of Quality.

Adjectives of Quantity

The adjectives that are used by the speaker to indicate that how much of a thing is meant, they are called as the adjectives of quantity.

For Example,

  • I want to eat some rice.
  • He has little patience.

Here the words ‘some’ and ‘little’  are used to describe the quantity of the noun and hence are called as the Adjectives of Quantity.

Adjectives of Number

The adjectives that are used by the speaker to indicate that how many of a thing is meant, or in what array a person or a thing stands, they are called as the adjectives of number.

For Example,

The baby has two toys.

The word ‘two’ indicates a number, describing how many ‘toys’ (noun) and that is why it shall be referred to as the adjective of number.

He was the first person to come here.

The word ‘first’ indicates that in which order the ‘person’ (noun) stood, and thus, that is why it is classified as the Adjective of Number.

Demonstrative Adjectives

The adjectives which are used to point out a person or a thing are referred to as the demonstrative adjectives.

For Example,

  • Bring that chair to me.
  • I want to buy these books.
Interrogative Adjectives

The adjectives which are used in asking questions and are applied right before the nouns are called as the Interrogative Adjectives.

For Example,

  • Which book is yours?
  • Whose room is this?
Emphasizing Adjectives

The adjectives which are used to lay stress on the proceeding noun are called as the emphasizing adjectives.

For example,

  • I saw the killer with my own eyes.
  • This was the very book that I wanted.
Exclamatory Adjectives

The adjectives which are used to indicate a strong emotion regarding the proceeding noun are called as the exclamatory adjectives. Usually the word ‘what’ is used for this purpose.

For Example,

  • What a blessing!
  • What an idea!

About "" Has 64 Posts

Fizza Farrukh
A freelance writer based in Islamabad. Currently an M.Phil Scholar and has an ardent passion for writing and teaching.

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