How to Write an Argumentative Essay
Before knowing how to write an argumentative essay, it is essential to know what exactly an argumentative essay is. An argumentative essay is a field of writing that requires you to examine a topic, assemble, create, evaluate evidence, and set up a position on the subject matter in a short and snappy manner.
Majority students might perceive writing an argumentative essay as a very tough job, where as in reality, if you go by a step-to-step procedure, it is more like a piece of a cake.
Differentiating Between an Argumentative and Expository essay
Due to the wide-ranging amount of confusion that usually arises amongst students, it is imperative to differentiate between the two types. These two genres are somewhat similar but the argumentative essay requires some extensive prewriting. This, as the name suggests, will help in building up a stronger argument for the writer’s point of view. Argumentative essays tend to be lengthier than expository essay, due to which they are more likely to be given as a research or term-end paper. On the contrary, expository essays are more likely to be tested for in-class exercises and quizzes.
Argumentation With Supporting Evidence
The art of argumentation may not be as effortless as it may seem. It is not simply an attitude that needs to be argued effectively, the foremost purpose of an argumentative essay is to win the argument. This task, when accomplished, completes the purpose of writing an argumentative essay.
Now, to win an argument you need to have strongly researched information for a tough backup. This is why argumentative essays tend to call for extensive research on the chosen or given topic. Argumentative essays may also require empirical research where students collect data through surveys, questionnaires, and interviews. Detailed research allows the writer to learn about the topic and to understand different perspectives regarding the topic. This may further guide to choose a point and support it with the evidence collected while performing the research.
Structure of an Argumentative Essay
In the first paragraph of an argumentative essay, the writer must establish a clear, concise, and defined thesis statement. Students must set the background by reviewing the topic in a general way in the introduction. Next, the writer should state why the topic or issue being argued is important or why the readers must care to read about it. If the student does not master this section of the essay, it will be quite difficult to compose an effective argument in the later parts of the essay.
Outline Development for the Argumentative Essay
Without a logical development of thought, the reader is unable to follow the essay’s argument, leaving the entire essay to give way. Using clear and logical transitions between the introduction, body, and conclusion will hold the basis of the essay together. Transitions should wrap up the design of the previous part and introduce the idea that is to follow in the next paragraph.
Every paragraph should be restricted to the discussion of one broad idea. This will allow for clarity and trend throughout the essay. Additionally, such conciseness creates readability for the audience. It is central to note that every paragraph in the body of the essay must have some reasonable connection to the thesis statement in the opening paragraph. Some paragraphs will directly support the thesis statement with evidence collected during research. It is also important to clarify how and why the facts support the thesis.
Adding Contradicting Perspectives
On the other hand, argumentative essays should also reflect on and explain contradictory points of view concerning the topic. Depending on the length of the essay, students should set aside one or two paragraphs of an argumentative essay to discussing conflicting opinions on the subject matter. Rather than explaining how these differing opinions are wrong completely, students should note how opinions that do not support with their thesis might not be well informed or how they might be out of date.
Research and Study
The argumentative essay requires well-researched, correct, comprehensive, and existing information to support the thesis statement and consider other points of view. Some honest, logical, statistical, or subjective evidence should support the thesis. However, writers must consider multiple points of view when collecting evidence. As noted in the paragraph above, a successful and well-rounded argumentative essay will also talk about opinions not aligning with the thesis. It is immoral to leave out evidence that may not support the thesis. It is not the student’s job to point out how other positions are wrong outright, but rather to explain how other positions may not be well learned or up to date on the topic.
Analytical Approach for Research Topics
Possibly, it is accommodating to think of an essay in terms of a conversation or debate with a second party. For that reason, the argumentative essay must be complete, and logically so, leaving no doubt as to its purpose or argument. A universal method for writing an argumentative essay is the five-paragraph approach. This is, however, by no means the only formula for writing such essays. Complex issues and detailed research call for composite and detailed essays. Argumentative essays discussing a number of research sources or empirical research will most undoubtedly be longer than five paragraphs. Authors may want to discuss the framework adjoining the topic, sources of information and their trustworthiness, as well as a number of unusual opinions on the concern before finishing the essay.
It is at this point of the essay that students may begin to put in great effort. This portion of the essay will leave immediate notion on the mind of the reader. Therefore, it must be effective and logical. Do not introduce any new information into the conclusion; rather, amalgamate the information presented in the body of the essay. Paraphrase why the topic is important, evaluate the main points, and review your thesis. You may also want to include a short discussion of more research that should be completed in light of your work.