Expository Essay Writing
Definition of Expository Writing
Expository writing or essay is defined as,
“A statement or rhetorical discourse intended to give information about or an explanation of difficult material”.
“A form of writing which intends to define, inform, explain, elaborate and expound the author’s subject to the reader”.
The intention of an is to present, reasonably and absolutely, other people’s opinion or views to report about an event or any experience. presents an area under discussion in detail apart from criticism, argument, or improvement.
You can learn by understanding the orderly breakdown of parts and the application of well-known illustrations or analogies. Expository writing is commonly practiced in writing , and in and .
Structure of an Expository Essay
briefly tell what you want to write about; in particular if it is an experience, you want to share with the audience. Tell a reason as to why you want to talk about it. Do not go into details at this point.
This paragraph should focus on the reason mentioned in the opening paragraph. Explain in detail for the reason that you have already mentioned. Using similes and metaphors at this point can be a good idea to explain your reason even better.
This paragraph will further add to the description that you have mentioned previously. A good idea is to start this paragraph with a Simile or a Metaphor. Words ending with “ly” or “ing” would add meaning to the essay.
This paragraph will focus upon the things that you saw or did during that time. It is recommended to be descriptive while explaining these things.
The last paragraph of your expository essay will summarize as to what you have previously mentioned in the essay. Make sure that you do not add any new ideas in the concluding part of your expository essay.
Expository Essay Topics
Expository Essay Topics for Kids
- If you could make changes in your school lunchroom what would they be?
- Rules are important. What are the most important rules at your school and why are they important?
- Explain why it is important to learn to read.
- Milk is important for strong bones. Explain why?
- How can cats see in the dark?
Elementary Level Expository Essay Topics
Everyone has days that they will always remember as being very special. Think about a special day that you have had. Write an essay telling why it was so special.
If you could choose any animal for a class pet, what would you choose and why?
Your cousin is moving to your town. Write a letter explaining why your town is such a wonderful place to live.
Give recipes of three Chinese dishes of your liking.
What are the important steps to learn to play guitar.
Expository Essay Topics for High School
- Think about your favorite year of school. Explain why it was your favorite year.
- Think of a book that you have read and really enjoyed. Write an essay explaining why you really enjoyed that book.
- Explain the benefits of internet technology
- Why do kids change in their adolescence?
- What are the symptoms and treatments for breast cancer?
College Level Expository Essay Topics
We are learning all the time. Some of our learning takes place in school and some outside of school. Write about something you have learned recently and how it has affected you.
Think of the ideal job for you when you grow up. Now think of reasons why this would be a good job for you. Write an essay to explain why this is your ideal job.
Imagine that time travel to the past was possible. Think of where and when you would like to go for a visit. Write an essay telling where and when you would go in the past and explain why you choose to go there.
Imagine that you had no TV, computer, or video games for one week. Think of some activities that you can do instead to keep you busy and out of trouble. Write an essay to explain what you can do to keep occupied in a week of no TV, computer, or video games.
We all have a place where we can imagine or go where we want to be alone and relax. Think of your favorite place. Now write an essay explaining why this place is your favorite.
University Level Expository Essay Topics
- Explain Plato’s conception of Philosopher King. Is it applicable to our society nowadays?
- Explain the challenges of global civilization in the 21st century.
- Provide an interpretation of Freudian theory of love as you understand it.
- What is religion?
- Is nationalism a concept which still holds true.
Grading Rubrics for Expository Essays
Response to Topic or Thesis Statement
Forms a strong, perceptive statement, complimenting the topic explicitly and moves beyond a predictable approach
Takes risk and explores issues from new and creative angles, with an in depth understanding
Demonstrates brief insight into the topic, but the statement is predictable or weakly reflects strong class ideas
|Communicates perplexity about the topic|
Ignores significant picture of the problem
Lacks in-depth focus, concentration and demonstrates unclear perception
|Supportive Material||Uses important, rich facts & figures which serve as detail for the proof of thesis|
Essay contains at least 3 significant major ideas that support the thesis
|Uses some details or examples, but could be extended to show more understanding or support||Lacks real, pertinent details or quotation marks that provide unsubstantial evidence for thesis|
Provides unsophisticated generalization and unclear thoughts
Comment & Analysis
|Creative & Original commentary examines and interprets particulars, quotes, and cases|
Demonstrates how they compliment the thesis in relevance
Elaborates importance of particulars, but interpretation & analysis could be expanded to show firm connection to thesis or provide more insight about the details or particulars
|Commentary is deficient or is predictable and incoherent|
Summarizing instead of analyzing importance
Demonstrates no clear connection of details to thesis
*Supports the theses by using 3 quotations.
*Explains the significance of the quotes clearly.
Uses 3 quotations
Uses less than 3 quotes OR topic is not supported by quotes
*Introduction of quotes is incorrect or poor
|Organization & Structure|
Organization is clear
Format is sophisticated and shows relevance in the paragraphs with respect to the thesis.
Paragraph parts flow flawlessly
All key elements are listed in paragraph
Ambiguous and unclear organization makes argument difficult to follow
Body paragraphs need clearer relation to thesis
Paragraphs parts flow imperfectly and also missing key parts
|Transitions||Uses thoughtful transitions between all ideas at the essay and paragraph levels for the smooth progression of ideas||Uses transitions between and within paragraphs, but they may seem awkward or forced||Has inconsistent transitions at either the paragraph or essay level|
Has an introduction that grabs reader’s attention
Has a conclusion that provokes further thought
Has introduction, but it may not draw reader in the subject
Has a conclusion, but it may not tie up loose ends
|Introduction and/or conclusion is simplistic and could be more engaging and/or clearer |
Lacks an introduction and/or conclusion
|Command of Language (Active/Voice)|
Language is natural and captures the writer’s “voice”
|Language is adequate, but doesn’t reflect unique voice||Language is formulaic and contains use of passive voice and/or 2nd person “you”|
|Vocabulary||Language is formulaic and contains use of passive voice and/or 2nd person “you”|
Some use of active verbs and strong words; lapses into “to be” verbs at times
|Includes wordy expressions, repetition of the verbs “is” and “has”|
Shows mastery over a variety of sentence openers and structures and uses them appropriately
|Contains some varied sentence structure; most sentences follow subject-verb pattern||Does not contain much sentence variety|
Has no BIG 5 errors or other grammar errors
*Proofreading is present
Grammar errors do not disrupt the flow of the paper
Some proofreading is present
1 or more BIG 5 error
Fails to us e present tense to discuss literature