9 Types of Intelligence :Which One Do You Have?
What are the Different Types of Intelligence?
Howard Gardner defined intelligence by categorizing it into nine different types of intelligence. These types were considered as soft skills by the other scientists. However, Gardner had a different perspective and took those skills as a kind of intelligence possessed by a person.
Naturalistic intelligence is about the ability of a person to distinguish between living things like animals and plants and to have sensitivity regarding other natural world features like rocks and clouds. This capability was evidently observed in our past amongst the farmers, hunters and gatherers and is seen in the current scenario in the form of chefs and botanists.
This type of intelligence characterizes the ability of a human being to distinguish between tones, rhythms, pitch and timbre. It allows them to recognize, produce, create and develop music as observed in the case of conductors, composers, vocalists, musicians as well as sensitive listeners. Moreover, the music is also said to have a link with the emotions and the thinking process of a person too.
This is amongst those types of intelligence that deals with the ability to quantify, calculate, consider hypothesis and propositions as well as conduct complete operations of mathematics. It allows a person to understand relationships and links and make use of them for symbolic and abstract thought, deductive and inductive thinking, sequential reasoning abilities, and other similar patterns.
Existential Intelligence is the ability to deal with deep questions regarding the existence of human beings. This includes the understanding of the concepts of life and death and the way human beings entered in the world.
This intelligence is about the capacity to perceive and interact efficiently with those around. It includes efficient nonverbal and verbal conversations, the capacity to recognize differences between others as well as sensitivity towards temperaments and moods of others. Interpersonal intelligence is found amongst politicians, actors, teachers and social workers.
This kind of intelligence deals with the ability to manipulate objects and make use of several physical capacities. It also includes sense of skill perfection and timing as a result of the mind-body union. Bodily-Kinesthetic intelligence is well developed in dancers, athletes, crafts people and surgeons.
Linguistic Intelligence is about the capacity to think in words and make use of language for expressing as well as appreciating complicated meanings. This is amongst those types of intelligence that enables us to comprehend the meaning and order of words and to execute meta-linguistic abilities in the language usage.
This type of intelligence is defined as the ability to understand oneself and one’s feelings and thoughts, and to make use of such knowledge in making decisions and planning about one’s life. It not only includes one’s own appreciation but also of the condition of human beings. It is observed in philosophers, psychologists and spiritual leaders.
Spatial Intelligence implies the capacity to think in three different dimensions. Main abilities consist of spatial reasoning, mental imagery, artistic skills, image manipulations and active imagination. It is well developed in painters, sailors, architects and sculptors.