What is an Annotated Bibliography?
I presume that you already are aware of the significance of providing a bibliography list at the end of your theses, essay or research work. This article will focus on the advanced form of bibliography known as ‘annotated bibliography’.
The term may sound unfamiliar and even heavy to most of you but once you get the hang of its concept, I am confident; you would want to prefer annotated bibliography over the regular bibliography.
Definition & Explanation
It can be defined as,
“Annotated bibliography, like any bibliography is composed of an alphabetical list of all sources consulted in the process of carrying out research on a particular topic–in addition to this data, it demands for a brief summary of these sources”.
The summary should be based on not more than a hundred and fifty words and state concisely why you think the source used contains accurate, relevant and useful information.
The reason why annotated bibliography is preferred over regular bibliography is that by giving a short description of the sources used, you are actually giving an impression to the readers that you are an expert on the subject and you have carried out a valid research which supports well your arguments and claims.
You can choose to write annotated bibliography either in brief, short sentences or in the form of paragraphs with of course correct grammar and spellings.
Types of Annotated Bibliographies
Scholars follow different documentation formats such as American Psychological Association (APA), Modern Language Association (MLA) and Council of Biology Editors (CBE), depending upon the area or subject of their research.
A standard formatting style of writing annotated bibliography does not fit the requirement of the mentioned formats therefore; the scholars came up with four annotation writing techniques. It is important to note here that the choice of annotation style for APA, MLA and CBE depends on supervisor’s consent.
A brief explanation four annotation writing styles is provided below:
This type of annotation describes the scope of the source used and overall concept of the research work.
If you are using informative annotation, then you need to give a summary of the sources used as well as the arguments of your work.
Evaluative annotation focuses on the strengths and weakness of the sources used. You should also explain how you think it is relevant to your work and why should or shouldn’t others consult it.
In this type, the annotation is constructed using the features of all three mentioned types. This means combination annotation will contain a summary, brief description and evaluation of source and research work.
Examples of Annotated Bibliography
Listing the Contents
Waite, L. J., Goldschneider, F. K., & Witsberger, C. (1986). Nonfamily living and the erosion of traditional family orientations among young adults. American Sociological Review, 51 (4), 541-554.
Brief Explanation of the Contents
The authors, researchers at the Rand Corporation and Brown University, use data from the National Longitudinal Surveys of Young Women and Young Men to test their hypothesis that nonfamily living by young adults alters their attitudes, values, plans, and expectations, moving them away from their belief in traditional sex roles.
They find their hypothesis strongly supported in young females, while the effects were fewer in studies of young males. Increasing the time away from parents before marrying increased individualism, self-sufficiency, and changes in attitudes about families. In contrast, an earlier study by Williams cited below shows no significant gender differences in sex role attitudes as a result of nonfamily living.
Annotated Bibliography Topics
Writing an Annotated Bibliography Essay Paper
An annotated bibliography will make your essay paper or research work look more professional and refined and act as reflective of your well informed persona.
To write an annotated bibliography research essay or paper check out how to write a bibliography which provides you with step wise guides for creating a standardized and correct bibliography.