Writing an Abstract for Your Next Research Project
Abstract for Research Papers, Articles and Science Projects
Before you get down to figuring out on how to write an abstract, you need to be clear about what an abstract really is. In simple words, an abstract can be defined as,
“A compact summary (précis) of the whole research paper that you have just worked on. Learning how to write an abstract is like learning ABC; one of the easiest things to do.”
According to American Psychology Association (APA) the word count for the abstract should be anywhere from 150 to about 250 words; a decent amount of words to summarize your endeavor.
How do I Write an Abstract (Step Wise Guide)
- The pattern and structure of the abstract remains the same as that of the actual research paper.
- State your introduction followed by the adopted methodology (approach & procedures), the results (findings) and, lastly, the conclusion (inferences).
- Your introduction statement says why you chose to research on the particular topic and what void you hope to fill with your findings.
- Secondly, you will talk about all the methods and procedures you adopted to gather results.
- Consequently, the results portion states all the things you were able to learn through the results gathered during the methodology.
Keep the perception extremely related and should follow the flow of the original text. Your influx should be minimal and should not cloud the original libretto. The explained subject of study should remain an extraction of the actual grit and meaning
Create Your Context
It is miniature version of a larger artifact. The angle of approach that you take as a viewpoint is of your choosing. But whatever context you choose to employ needs to be stringent, clear and should focus on facts and realities.
This is the technical part where you need to marry your input while not tempering with the actual data and details. The best way for this is to read, write and revise. Go through abstracts from journals and academic papers and look for the notches where the author slides in a personal angle yet holding true to the actual facts.
- Lastly, your conclusion will touch upon the bigger inferences & suggestions you were able to draw from the results and how these benefit the overall objective you stated in the introduction.
- With that said, you now know how to write an abstract but beware that you have only 250 words so utilize and divide them wisely among the mentioned components of the abstract.
Types of Abstracts
Abstract writing can be broadly categorized under the following categories:
- Literature review
- Discourse analysis
- Research papers and dissertations
- Essay abstract
Essential Tips and Conclusion
- The art of capturing an effective abstract is to retain the connections, contrasts and depictions in such an illustrative and concise manner that your reader/audience gets the true grit in the most comprehensive manner.
- The less you say and the more you explain in an intelligible and easy to understand manner is what will make you a great abstract writer.
- Keep the length of words for your abstract not more than 150 to 200 words.
Abstract Writing Examples
- Writing an abstract for a science fair project
- Abstract writing for a literature review
- Writing the abstract for an APA paper
References and Notes
Swales, J. M., & Feak, C. B. (2009). Abstracts and the Writing of Abstracts: University of Michigan Press.
Booth, W. C., Colomb, G. G., & Williams, J. M. (2003). The Craft of Research. University of Chicago press.